What are the best techniques for deep breathing?

Deep breathing, a practice associated with health and wellness, is more than just an essential function of life. This seemingly simple act of inhaling and exhaling is a powerful tool that can promote relaxation, reduce stress and anxiety, and improve overall health. Breathing deeply and mindfully can help you connect with your body, bring attention to the present moment, and even alter your mood.

In this article, we’ll explore the best techniques for deep breathing, delving into practices from yoga, meditation, and other health disciplines. We’ll show you how to breathe from your belly, use alternate nostril breathing, and perform other exercises that can help you feel more grounded, calm, and centered.

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1. Belly Breathing

Belly breathing, also known as diaphragmatic breathing, is a fundamental breathing technique that focuses on engaging the diaphragm, a large muscle located between the chest and abdomen.

This technique has been used for centuries in yoga and meditation practices. The belly breath is believed to promote full oxygen exchange, which can slow the heartbeat, lower, or stabilize blood pressure, and help reduce stress and anxiety.

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To practice belly breathing, find a comfortable, quiet place where you can sit or lie down without being disturbed. Place one hand on your chest and the other on your belly. Take a slow, deep breath in through your nose, allowing your belly to push your hand out. Your chest should remain still. Exhale through your mouth, noticing your belly fall. The goal is to take fewer breaths of greater volume to help your body become more efficient and deliver more oxygen to your body with less work.

2. Box Breathing

Box breathing, also known as four-square breathing, is a technique used by people who want to reduce stress and improve concentration. This method involves inhaling, holding the breath, exhaling, and holding the breath again, all for equal counts.

This simple yet powerful breathing technique can be performed anywhere, anytime you feel overwhelmed or stressed. It helps to decrease the body’s ‘fight-or-flight’ response and induces a state of calm, helping you to feel more relaxed and focused.

To practice box breathing, sit with your back straight and breathe out completely through your mouth. Then, quietly inhale through your nose to a mental count of four. Hold your breath for a count of four. Exhale through your mouth for a count of four. Wait four more counts before beginning the cycle again.

3. Alternate Nostril Breathing

Alternate nostril breathing is a technique that originated from yoga, where it’s known as ‘Nadi Shodhana’. This technique can help to calm the mind, reduce anxiety, and bring a feeling of relaxation to the entire body.

In alternate nostril breathing, you inhale through one nostril, hold the breath, and then exhale through the other nostril. This breathing technique has been reported to have a harmonizing effect on the nervous system, increasing the sense of balance and calm.

To perform alternate nostril breathing, start by sitting comfortably, spine straight, and shoulders relaxed. With your right hand, close off your right nostril and inhale slowly through your left nostril. Close your left nostril, open your right nostril and exhale slowly through your right nostril. This is one cycle. Keep your breaths smooth and even throughout the practice.

4. Progressive Relaxation

Progressive relaxation is a deep breathing technique that involves tensing and then releasing different muscle groups in the body to promote physical relaxation. This technique can help you become more aware of physical sensations and help reduce muscle tension.

This technique combines deep, slow breathing with progressive muscle relaxation. As you breathe out, you deliberately let go of tension in different parts of your body.

To do this, sit or lie down in a comfortable place. Starting with your toes, tense your muscles as tightly as you can for about five seconds. Then, exhale and release all of the tension. Move up through your body, doing the same thing with each muscle group.

5. Guided Visualization

Guided visualization is a technique that involves using your imagination to help reduce stress and anxiety. You form mental images of places or situations that are calming and peaceful. Deep, relaxed breathing is key to this practice.

This technique can be practiced with a therapist, an app, or a recording. While you’re guided through the visualization, you’ll also be directed to breathe deeply, helping you to enter a state of deep relaxation and peace.

To practice guided visualization, sit or lie down in a quiet space. Close your eyes and take a few deep, slow breaths. Then, allow yourself to be guided through a peaceful scene, focusing on the details and sensations. This technique can help you feel more relaxed and focused.

Deep breathing exercises like these can be a helpful tool for managing stress, anxiety, and promoting overall health. Incorporating deep breathing into your daily routine can help you maintain a relaxed, mindful state throughout the day. Remember, like any other skill, deep breathing needs to be practiced regularly. The more you do it, the more natural it will feel and the more benefits you will experience.

6. Pursed Lip Breathing

Pursed lip breathing is a simple but effective technique often used to control shortness of breath. It slows down your breathing rate and helps to keep your airways open longer, making it easier for you to breathe. This technique is great for exertional activities and can help maintain a stable heart rate, improve oxygen saturation, and regulate the body’s stress response.

To practice pursed lip breathing, sit comfortably and relax your neck and shoulder muscles. Breathe in slowly through your nose for two counts, keeping your mouth closed. Then, purse your lips as if you were going to whistle or blow out a candle, and exhale slowly through your mouth for four counts. The exhalation should be twice as long as the inhalation, which helps to ensure that you’re expelling all the carbon dioxide from your lungs. Repeat this process until you’ve established a regular rhythm.

7. Coherent Breathing

Coherent breathing is a breathing technique that aims to harmonize the heart rate and the breath rate, leading to a state of balance and deep relaxation. It’s often used in yoga and meditation and is believed to positively impact the nervous system, reducing stress and anxiety, and improving mental health.

To practice coherent breathing, find a quiet, comfortable place where you won’t be disturbed. Sit or lie down and place one hand on your belly and the other on your chest. Begin by taking a slow, deep breath in through your nose for a count of five. Hold the breath for a moment, then exhale through your mouth for a count of five. The goal is to maintain a consistent rhythm, breathing in and out at the same rate. This technique can help the body and mind to enter into a state of coherence, where all systems function more efficiently and harmoniously.


Deep breathing exercises are a powerful tool that can help to reduce stress, improve mental health, stabilize blood pressure, and enhance overall wellbeing. From belly breathing, also known as diaphragmatic breathing, to alternate nostril breathing, there are myriad techniques to explore and incorporate into your daily routine.

Remember, while these techniques can be beneficial, it’s always best to have them medically reviewed or guided by a licensed professional, especially if you’re dealing with specific health conditions. It’s also crucial to practice these techniques consistently to experience their full benefits.

Regardless of the method you choose, the essence of deep breathing lies in its intentionality, slowing down, and connecting with the rhythm of your body. It’s a journey of discovery, as you learn to master your breath, you also learn to regulate your emotions, manage stress, and cultivate a sense of inner peace. Let the power of your breath be your guide towards improved health and mindfulness.